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Urology Treatment in India

What is Urology?

The surgical specialty that mainly concentrates on the diseases of the female and male urinary tracts along with male reproductive organs is known as urology. An urologist is required to study gynecology, pediatrics, internal medicine and other specialties as there could be many clinical problems associated. The urinary tract in women opens in vulva while the urinary system in men overlaps with the reproductive system. In both men and women, the reproductive and urinary tracts are very close to each other and any disorder in one can also affect the other. This surgical specialty (urology) combines management of surgical problems like the correction of congenital abnormalities, cancers and also correcting stress incontinence, as well as non-surgical problems like benign prostatic hyperplasia and urinary tract infections. Urology also sometimes related to some medical fields such as gynecology, pediatric surgery, oncology, endocrinology, nephrology, gastroenterology and andrology.

Urologic Oncology

It is primarily concerned with the surgical treatment of malignant genitourinary diseases such as adrenal glands, testicles, kidneys, cancer of the prostate, bladder, penis, testicles and ureters. An oncologist or a urologist manages the advance stage of genitourinary cancer that depends upon the cancer.

Pediatric Urology

It is primarily concerned with different Urologic disorders in children such as congenital abnormalities, enuresis, cryptorchism, underdeveloped genitalia, vesicoureteral reflux and congenital abnormalities of the genito-urinary tract.

Female Urology

It is primarily concerned with urinary incontinence, overactive bladder and pelvic organ prolapsed. Proper knowledge of urodynamic skills along with female pelvic floor together is required for diagnosing and treating these disorders.

Neurourology

It is primarily concerned with the nervous system that affects the urinary system. Nerves, brain and spinal cord are very essential as they maintain the functions of the bladder. Parkinson's disease, spinal cord injury and multiple sclerosis can disturb lower urinary tract and can also cause conditions like inability to urinate and urinary incontinence. Spina bifida which is a birth condition can also result in neurological dysfunction of the bladder control.

Andrology

It is primarily concerned with the male reproductive system such as erectile dysfunction, ejaculatory disorders and male infertility. Andrology usually overlaps with endocrinology as male sexuality is majorly controlled by hormones. The implantation of penile prostheses, fertilization procedures and vasectomy reversals are the common surgeries included in this field.

Urology Procedures

Common Urology procedures are:-

  • Bladder surgery
  • Renal (Kidney) surgery
  • Surgery to the penis
  • Kidney removal (nephrectomy)
  • Urethra surgery
  • Surgery of the ureters such as removal of calculus in the ureters or ureterolithotomy
  • Testicular surgery
  • Removal of the prostate or prostatic surgery
  • Pelvic lymph node dissection

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