Ophthalmology is the practice of medical and surgical care of the eyes and any issues related to visOphthalmology is the practice of medical and surgical care of the eyes and any issues related to vision. Ophthalmologists are required to attend medical school, at least one year of an internship and at least three years of a surgical residency. By the time training is complete, an ophthalmologist will have completed at least eight years of additional schooling.
Ophthalmologists are doctors who specialize in the care of vision and the eyes. Here’s a closer look at their practice and training, related specialties and a few common signs that suggest you might be in need of ophthalmology services.
LASIK, which stands for laser in-situ keratomileusis, is a popular surgery used to correct vision in people who are nearsighted, farsighted, or have astigmatism. All laser vision correction surgeries work by reshaping the cornea, the clear front part of the eye, so that light traveling through it is properly focused onto the retina located in the back of the eye. LASIK is one of a number of different surgical techniques used to reshape the cornea.
It works! It corrects vision. Around 96% of patients will have their desired vision after LASIK. An enhancement can further increase this number.
LASIK is associated with very little pain due to the numbing drops that are used.
Vision is corrected nearly immediately or by the day after LASIK.
No bandages or stitches are required after LASIK.
Adjustments can be made years after LASIK to further correct vision if vision changes while you age.
After having LASIK, most patients have a dramatic reduction in eyeglass or contact lens dependence and many patients no longer need them at all.
Inflammation and infection are possibilities with any surgical procedure. These can usually be cleared up with medications, but rarely may lead to the need for another surgical procedure or to the loss of vision.
Problems with the corneal flap sometimes require further treatment, which might include additional surgery.
Ectasia, or bulging of the cornea, may require further treatment.
There is a chance, though small, that a LASIK patient’s vision will not be as good after the surgery as it was before, even with glasses or contact lenses. The patient may have significantly reduced vision (usually correctable by treatment and/or wearing corrective lenses) or permanent loss of vision (extremely rare).
Over-or under-correction of the patient’s refractive error, or a reduction in the refractive correction over time, could mean that the person might still need to wear corrective lenses for some or all activities, or need a retreatment with LASIK or another, similar refractive surgery to achieve the patient’s desired results.
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