Specialists in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology (ear, nose and throat or ENT) at Mayo Clinic in Arizona evaluate and treat patients with problems of the ear, nose, sinus, and head and neck region. A multispecialty team of Mayo ENT doctors and physician assistants work together to develop a customized treatment plan for each patient after a thorough evaluation using the latest diagnostic technology.
Otolaryngologists are ready to start practicing after completing up to 15 years of college and post-graduate training. To qualify for certification by the American Board of Otolaryngology, an applicant must first complete college (four years), medical school (four years), and at least five years of specialty training. Next, the physician must pass the American Board of Otolaryngology examination. In addition, some otolaryngologists pursue a one- or two- year fellowship for more extensive training in one of eight subspecialty areas.
These subspecialty areas are allergy, facial plastic and reconstructive surgery, head and neck, laryngology (throat), otology/neurotology (ears, balance, and tinnitus), pediatric otolaryngology (children), rhinology (nose), and sleep disorders. Some otolaryngologists limit their practices to one of these eight areas.
Otolaryngologists diagnose and manage diseases of the ears, nose, sinuses, larynx (voice box), mouth, and throat, as well as structures of the neck and face.
Although ear tube surgery is a fairly common procedure, surgery is not the first choice of treatment for otitis media. Antibiotics are often used to treat bacterial ear infections, but many ear infections are viral and cannot be treated with antibiotics. These infections need to get better on their own, and only time can help them heal.
But if your child has frequent ear infections that don't clear up easily or a hearing loss or speech delay, the doctor may suggest surgery to drain fluid from the middle ear and insert a ventilation tube.
Because most kids have had infections in both ears, surgery is often done in both; this is called a bilateral myringotomy, or BMT. A tiny tube, called a pressure equalization (PE) or tympanostomy tube, is inserted into the eardrum to ventilate and equalize pressure in the middle ear. This will help to prevent future infections and the build-up of fluid, and will help normalize hearing.
Crystal Hospital Building, Near Rama Krishna Hotel, Maratha Colony, Wamanrao Sawant Road,
Dahisar (East), Mumbai-400068, India.